Pneumonia is the leading cause of childhoodmortality in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Because effective antibiotic treatment exists, timely recognition of pneumonia and subsequent care seeking for treatment can prevent deaths. For six high pneumoniamortality countries in SSA we examined if children with suspected pneumonia were taken for care, and if so, fromwhich type of care providers, using national survey data of 76530 children.We also assessed factors independently associated with care seeking from health providers, also known as 'appropriate' providers.We report important differences in care seeking patterns across these countries. In Tanzania 85%of children with suspected pneumonia were taken for care, whereas this was only 30%in Ethiopia. Most of the children living in these six countries were taken to a primary health care facility; 86, 68 and 59%in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Burkina Faso respectively. In Uganda, hospital care was sought for 60% of children. 16-18%of childrenwere taken to a private pharmacy in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Nigeria. In Tanzania, children from the richest households were 9.5 times (CI 2.3-39.3) more likely to be brought for care than children from the poorest households, after controlling for the child's age, sex, caregiver's education and urban-rural residence. The influence of the age of a child, when controlling for sex, urban-rural residence, education and wealth, shows that the youngest children (<2 years) were more likely to be brought to a care provider in Nigeria, Ethiopia and DRC. Urban-rural residence was not significantly associated with care seeking, after controlling for the age and sex of the child, caregivers education and wealth. The study suggests that it is crucial to understand country-specific care seeking patterns for children with suspected pneumonia and related determinants using available data prior to planning programmatic responses.
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