Carbon: The nature of the liquid state

Giulia Galli, Richard M. Martin, Roberto Car, Michele Parrinello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations


The liquid state of carbon at low pressure is investigated wtih a first-principles molecular dynamics simulation. Its controversial electronic properties are elucidated in terms of density of states and conductivity calculations, showing that the system is a metal, in agreement with experiments reported last year. Furthermore, an accurate analysis of the atomic structure indicates that the liquid is composed of two-fold, three-fold, and four-fold coordinated atoms, which display different bonding properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)988-991
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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