Bulk intergrowth of a topological insulator with a room-temperature ferromagnet

Huiwen Ji, J. M. Allred, Ni Ni, Jing Tao, M. Neupane, A. Wray, S. Xu, M. Z. Hasan, R. J. Cava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


We demonstrate that the layered room-temperature ferromagnet Fe 7Se 8 and the topological insulator Bi 2Se 3 form crystallographically oriented bulk composite intergrowth crystals. The morphology of the intergrowth in real space and reciprocal space is described. The basal planes of Bi 2Se 3 and Fe 7Se 8 are parallel in the micron-scale intergrowth, and hence the good cleavage inherent to the bulk phases is retained. Both phases in the intergrowth crystals display their intrinsic bulk properties: the ferromagnetism of the Fe 7Se 8 is anisotropic, with the magnetization easy axis in the plane of the crystals, and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy characterization shows that the topological surface states remain present on the Bi 2Se 3 and that a gap can be observed in the surface state dispersion. Crystals of nominal composition Bi 2-xFe xSe 3 are shown to be bulk intergrowths of the two phases Bi 2Se 3 and Fe 2Se 3. Significant solubility of Fe in Bi 2Se 3 is not observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number165313
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 19 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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