Bulk band gap and surface state conduction observed in voltage-tuned crystals of the topological insulator Bi2Se3

J. G. Checkelsky, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, N. P. Ong

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Abstract

We report a transport study of exfoliated few monolayer crystals of topological insulator Bi2Se3 in an electric field effect geometry. By doping the bulk crystals with Ca, we are able to fabricate devices with sufficiently low bulk carrier density to change the sign of the Hall density with the gate voltage Vg. We find that the temperature T and magnetic field dependent transport properties in the vicinity of this V g can be explained by a bulk channel with activation gap of approximately 50 meV and a relatively high-mobility metallic channel that dominates at low T. The conductance (approximately 2×7e2/h), weak antilocalization, and metallic resistance-temperature profile of the latter lead us to identify it with the protected surface state. The relative smallness of the observed gap implies limitations for electric field effect topological insulator devices at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number196801
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume106
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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