Bubbles spray aerosols: Certitudes and mysteries

Emmanuel Villermaux, Xiaofei Wang, Luc Deike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Ocean spray aerosol formed by bubble bursting are at the core of a broad range of atmospheric processes: they are efficient cloud condensation nuclei and carry a variety of chemical, biological, and biomass material from the surface of the ocean to the atmosphere. The origin and composition of these aerosols is sensibly controlled by the detailed fluid mechanics of bubble bursting. This perspective summarizes our present-day knowledge on how bursting bubbles at the surface of a liquid pool contribute to its fragmentation, namely to the formation of droplets stripped from the pool, and associated mechanisms. In particular, we describe bounds and yields for each distinct mechanism, and the way they are sensitive to the bubble production and environmental conditions. We also underline the consequences of each mechanism on some of the many air-sea interactions phenomena identified to date. Attention is specifically payed at delimiting the known from the unknown and the certitudes from the speculations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberpgac261
JournalPNAS Nexus
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


  • aerosols
  • air-sea interactions
  • bubble bursting
  • sprays


Dive into the research topics of 'Bubbles spray aerosols: Certitudes and mysteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this