Boundary Layer Theory and the Zero-Viscosity Limit of the Navier-Stokes Equation

E. Weinan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

139 Scopus citations


A central problem in the mathematical analysis of fluid dynamics is the asymptotic limit of the fluid flow as viscosity goes to zero. This is particularly important when boundaries are present since vorticity is typically generated at the boundary as a result of boundary layer separation. The boundary layer theory, developed by Prandtl about a hundred years ago, has become a standard tool in addressing these questions. Yet at the mathematical level, there is still a lack of fundamental understanding of these questions and the validity of the boundary layer theory. In this article, we review recent progresses on the analysis of Prandtl's equation and the related issue of the zero-viscosity limit for the solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation. We also discuss some directions where progress is expected in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-218
Number of pages12
JournalActa Mathematica Sinica, English Series
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


  • Blow-up
  • Boundary layer
  • Prandtl's equation
  • Zero-viscosity limit


Dive into the research topics of 'Boundary Layer Theory and the Zero-Viscosity Limit of the Navier-Stokes Equation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this