Boundary criticality at the Anderson transition between a metal and a quantum spin Hall insulator in two dimensions

Hideaki Obuse, Akira Furusaki, Shinsei Ryu, Christopher Mudry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Static disorder in a noninteracting gas of electrons confined to two dimensions can drive a continuous quantum (Anderson) transition between a metallic and an insulating state when time-reversal symmetry is preserved but spin-rotation symmetry is broken. The critical exponent ν that characterizes the diverging localization length and the bulk multifractal scaling exponents that characterize the amplitudes of the critical wave functions at the metal-insulator transition do not depend on the topological nature of the insulating state, i.e., whether it is topologically trivial (ordinary insulator) or nontrivial (a Z2 insulator supporting a quantum spin Hall effect). This is not true of the boundary multifractal scaling exponents, which we show (numerically) to depend on whether the insulating state is topologically trivial or not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number115301
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume78
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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