Black-white achievement gap and family wealth

W. Jean Yeung, Dalton Conley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black-White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3-12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black-White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a stronger association with school-aged children's math than on their reading scores. Liquid assets, particularly holdings in stocks or mutual funds, were positively associated with school-aged children's test scores. Family wealth was associated with a higher quality home environment, better parenting behavior, and children's private school attendance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-324
Number of pages22
JournalChild development
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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