The aryl-substituted bis(imino)pyridine cobalt methyl complex, ( MesPDI)CoCH3 (MesPDI = 2,6-(2,4,6-Me 3C6H2-N=CMe)2C5H 3N), promotes the catalytic dehydrogenative silylation of linear α-olefins to selectively form the corresponding allylsilanes with commercially relevant tertiary silanes such as (Me3SiO) 2MeSiH and (EtO)3SiH. Dehydrogenative silylation of internal olefins such as cis- and trans-4-octene also exclusively produces the allylsilane with the silicon located at the terminus of the hydrocarbon chain, resulting in a highly selective base-metal-catalyzed method for the remote functionalization of C-H bonds with retention of unsaturation. The cobalt-catalyzed reactions also enable inexpensive α-olefins to serve as functional equivalents of the more valuable α, ω-dienes and offer a unique method for the cross-linking of silicone fluids with well-defined carbon spacers. Stoichiometric experiments and deuterium labeling studies support activation of the cobalt alkyl precursor to form a putative cobalt silyl, which undergoes 2,1-insertion of the alkene followed by selective β-hydrogen elimination from the carbon distal from the large tertiary silyl group and accounts for the observed selectivity for allylsilane formation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry