Bioreactor systems in drug metabolism: Synthesis of cytochrome P450-generated metabolites

Thomas H. Rushmore, Paul J. Reider, Don Slaughter, Carol Assang, Magang Shou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this communication, we report that suspension cultures of Sf21 insect cells, co-infected with baculovirus containing the cDNA for a single cytochrome P450 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase, can be employed successfully as 'bioreactors' for the synthesis of milligram quantities of cytochrome P450-generated metabolite(s). Three standard or probe substrates for the human P450s were chosen for the initial biosynthetic experiments: testosterone, diazepam, and diclofenac. Testosterone (100 μM, 2.88 mg/100 ml), added to a 100-ml CYP3A4 bioreactor, was converted to 6β-hydroxytestosterone (2.3 mg) and 15β-hydroxytestosterone (0.18 mg). Diazepam (100 μM, 2.9 mg/100 ml), added to a 100-ml CYP3A4 bioreactor, was converted to temazepam (1.1 mg), N-demethyldiazepam (0.35 mg), and oxazepam (0.15 mg). Diclofenac (100 μM, 3.18 mg/100 ml), added to a 100-ml CYP2C9 bioreactor, was converted to 4'-hydroxydiclofenac (2.6 mg). Since the goal for the development of the bioreactors was to provide a platform for both the production and subsequent purification of milligram quantities of P450-generated metabolite(s), a second 100-ml CYP2C9 bioreactor was used for the large-scale production and subsequent purification of 4'-hydroxydiclofenac. After 55 h of incubation, 7.95 mg of diclofenac was converted to 4.35 mg of 4'-hydroxydiclofenac, while 3.55 mg of unchanged diclofenac remained in the bioreactor. Using a simple preparative HPLC method, approximately 2.2 mg of 4'-hydroxydiclofenac and 1.9 mg of diclofenac were recovered from this experiment (28% yield). These results indicate clearly that suspension cultures of Sf21 insect cells coexpressing a cytochrome P450 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase can be used effectively as bioreactors for the production and subsequent purification of milligram quantities of P450-derived metabolite(s). (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalMetabolic Engineering
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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