Berry phase and anomalous transport of the composite fermions at the half-filled Landau level

W. Pan, W. Kang, K. W. Baldwin, K. W. West, L. N. Pfeiffer, D. C. Tsui

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The fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE) in two-dimensional electron systems is an exotic, superfluid-like matter with an emergent topological order. From the consideration of the Aharonov-Bohm interaction between electrons and magnetic field, the ground state of a half-filled lowest Landau level is mathematically transformed to a Fermi sea of composite objects of electrons bound to two flux quanta, termed composite fermions (CFs). A strong support for the CF theories comes from experimental confirmation of the predicted Fermi surface at 1/2 = 1/2 (where 1/2 is the Landau level filling factor) from the detection of the Fermi wavevector in semi-classical geometrical resonance experiments. Recent developments in the theory of CFs have led to the prediction of a € Berry phase for the CF circling around the Fermi surface at half-filling. In this paper we provide experimental evidence for the detection of the Berry phase of CFs in the fractional quantum Hall effect. Our measurements of the Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations of CFs as a function carrier density at a fixed magnetic field provide strong support for the existence of a € Berry phase at 1/2 = 1/2. We also discover that the conductivity of composite fermions at 1/2 = 1/2 displays an anomalous linear density dependence, whose origin remains mysterious yet tantalizing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1172
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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