Berry curvature dipole generation and helicity-to-spin conversion at symmetry-mismatched heterointerfaces

Siyu Duan, Feng Qin, Peng Chen, Xupeng Yang, Caiyu Qiu, Junwei Huang, Gan Liu, Zeya Li, Xiangyu Bi, Fanhao Meng, Xiaoxiang Xi, Jie Yao, Toshiya Ideue, Biao Lian, Yoshihiro Iwasa, Hongtao Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The Berry curvature dipole (BCD) is a key parameter that describes the geometric nature of energy bands in solids. It defines the dipole-like distribution of Berry curvature in the band structure and plays a key role in emergent nonlinear phenomena. The theoretical rationale is that the BCD can be generated at certain symmetry-mismatched van der Waals heterointerfaces even though each material has no BCD in its band structure. However, experimental confirmation of such a BCD induced via breaking of the interfacial symmetry remains elusive. Here we demonstrate a universal strategy for BCD generation and observe BCD-induced gate-tunable spin-polarized photocurrent at WSe2/SiP interfaces. Although the rotational symmetry of each material prohibits the generation of spin photocurrent under normal incidence of light, we surprisingly observe a direction-selective spin photocurrent at the WSe2/SiP heterointerface with a twist angle of 0°, whose amplitude is electrically tunable with the BCD magnitude. Our results highlight a BCD–spin–valley correlation and provide a universal approach for engineering the geometric features of twisted heterointerfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-874
Number of pages8
JournalNature Nanotechnology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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