Density functional theory calculations are carried out to investigate the electronic properties of molecular junctions formed by amine- and thiol-terminated alkane monolayers sandwiched between two metal (Au, Ag) electrodes. Based on extensive analysis of molecular monolayers of varying densities, we establish a relationship between the alignment of the molecular energy levels and the interface dipoles, which shows that the band alignment (BA) in the limit of long, isolated chains is independent of the link group and can be computed from a reference system of noninteracting molecule+metal molecule metal electrodes. The main difference between the amine and thiol linkers is the effective dipole moment at the contact. This is very large, about 4.5 D, for amine linkers, leading to a strong dependence of the BA on the monolayer density and a slow convergence to the isolated molecule limit. Instead, this convergence is relatively fast for S anchors due to the very small, ∼0.2 D, effective dipoles at the contacts.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Jun 27 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics