Autonomous subdomains in protein folding

Lawren C. Wu, Rita Grandori, Jannette Carey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Proteolytic dissection of native trp repressor and horse heart cytochrome c has been used to infer some of the steps in the folding pathways of the intact proteins. For both proteins, small fragments are capable of undergoing spontaneous noncovalent association to form subdomains with native‐like secondary and/or tertiary structural features, suggesting that dissection/reassembly may be a general method to gain insight into the structures of folding intermediates. The importance of this approach is its simplicity and potential applicability to studying the folding pathways of a wide range of proteins. The proteases report on the structure and dynamics of the native state, circumventing the need for prior knowledge of the structures of folding intermediates. The observation that small fragments of proteins can associate noncovalently suggests that protein folding can be viewed as an intramolecular “recognition” process. The results imply that substantial information about protein structure and folding is encoded at the level of subdomains, and that chain connectivity has only a minor role in determining the fold.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-371
Number of pages3
JournalProtein Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry


  • proteolysis
  • recognition
  • reconstitution
  • self‐assembly


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