Automated and efficient local adaptive regression for principal component-based reduced-order modeling of turbulent reacting flows

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Abstract

Principal Component Analysis can be used to reduce the cost of Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations of turbulent reacting flows by reducing the dimensionality of the transported variables through projection of the thermochemical state onto a lower-dimensional manifold. However, because of the nonlinearity of the principal component source terms, nonlinear regression techniques must be utilized for the source terms in terms of the principal components. Unfortunately, widely available and utilized nonlinear regression techniques can have prohibitive computational requirements and/or accuracy that is highly dependent on user experience in ad hoc tuning of model architecture and hyperparameters. In this work, a new nonlinear regression approach is proposed that is both computationally efficient and automated so does not require any user input. The approach is evaluated through a priori prediction of principal component source terms using data from a Direct Numerical Simulation of a turbulent nonpremixed n-heptane/air jet flame. In particular, the proposed framework consists of local regressions whose complexity is adapted according to the local nonlinearity of the data: local linear regression when accurate enough and local Artificial Neural Networks when nonlinear regression is required. The number of local clusters for local regression is determined automatically using the Davies-Bouldin index. In addition, Bayesian optimization is utilized for model training (i.e., to select the best architectures and hyperparameters of the nonlinear regressions in an unsupervised fashion), eliminating ad hoc hand-tuning and/or expensive grid searches. Overall, compared to a single, global neural network, the new local adaptive regression approach is shown to have comparable accuracy but 69% less training time due to the utilization of local linear regression and faster training of local neural networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5249-5258
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Keywords

  • Bayesian optimization
  • Local regression
  • Machine learning
  • Principal Component Analysis
  • Turbulent flames

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