Attainment of high confinement in neutral beam heated divertor discharges in the PDX tokamak

S. M. Kaye, M. G. Bell, K. Bol, D. Boyd, K. Brau, D. Buchenauer, R. Budny, A. Cavallo, P. Couture, T. Crowley, D. S. Darrow, H. Eubank, R. J. Fonck, Robert James Goldston, B. Grek, K. P. Jaehnig, D. Johnson, R. Kaita, H. Kugel, B. LeblancJ. Manickam, D. Manos, D. Mansfield, E. Mazzucato, R. McCann, D. McCune, K. McGuire, D. Mueller, A. Murdock, M. Okabayashi, K. Okano, D. K. Owens, D. E. Post, M. Reusch, G. L. Schmidt, S. Sesnic, R. Slusher, S. Suckewer, C. Surko, H. Takahashi, F. Tenney, H. Towner, J. Valley

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The PDX divertor configuration has recently been converted from an open to a closed geometry to inhibit the return of neutral gas from the divertor region to the main chamber. Since then, operation in a regime with high energy confinement in neutral beam heated discharges (ASDEX H-mode) has been routine over a wide range of operating conditions. These H-mode discharges are characterized by a sudden drop in divertor density and Hα emission and a spontaneous rise in main chamber plasma density during neutral beam injection. The confinement time is found to scale nearly linearly with plasma current, but can be degraded due either to the presence of edge instabilities or heavy gas puffing. Detailed Thomson scattering temperature profiles show high values of Tc near the plasma edge (∼ 450 eV) with sharp radial gradients (∼ 400 eV/cm) near the separatrix. Density profiles are broad and also exhibit steep gradients close to the separatrix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue numberC
StatePublished - May 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • General Materials Science
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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