Atacama Cosmology Telescope: The persistence of neutrino self-interaction in cosmological measurements

Christina D. Kreisch, Minsu Park, Erminia Calabrese, Francis Yan Cyr-Racine, Rui An, J. Richard Bond, Olivier Doré, Jo Dunkley, Patricio Gallardo, Vera Gluscevic, J. Colin Hill, Adam D. Hincks, Mathew S. Madhavacheril, Jeff McMahon, Kavilan Moodley, Thomas W. Morris, Federico Nati, Lyman Alexander Page, Bruce Partridge, Maria SalatinoCristóbal Sifón, David N. Spergel, Cristian Vargas, Edward J. Wollack

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Abstract

We use data from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) DR4 to search for the presence of neutrino self-interaction in the cosmic microwave background. Consistent with prior works, the posterior distributions we find are bimodal, with one mode consistent with ΛCDM and one where neutrinos strongly self-interact. By combining ACT data with large-scale information from WMAP, we find that a delayed onset of neutrino free streaming caused by significantly strong neutrino self-interaction is compatible with these data at the 2-3σ level. As seen in the past, the preference shifts to ΛCDM with the inclusion of Planck data. We determine that the preference for strong neutrino self-interaction is largely driven by angular scales corresponding to 700≲ℓ≲1000 in the ACT E-mode polarization data. This region is expected to be key to discriminate between neutrino self-interacting modes and will soon be probed with more sensitive data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number043501
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume109
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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