Asymptotics of heavy atoms in high magnetic fields: II. Semiclassical regions

Elliott Lieb, Jan Philip Solovej, Jakob Yngvason

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Abstract

The ground state energy of an atom of nuclear charge Ze in a magnetic field B is exactly evaluated to leading order as Z→∞ in the following three regions:B≪Z4/3, B≈Z4/3 and Z4/3≪B≪Z3. In each case this is accomplished by a modified Thomas-Fermi (TF) type theory. We also analyze these TF theories in detail, one of their consequences being the nonintuitive fact that atoms are spherical (to leading order) despite the leading order change in energy due to the B field. This paper complements and completes our earlier analysis [1], which was primarily devoted to the regions B≈Z3 and B≫Z3 in which a semiclassical TF analysis is numerically and conceptually wrong. There are two main mathematical results in this paper, needed for the proof of the exactitude of the TF theories. One is a generalization of the Lieb-Thirring inequality for sums of eigenvalues to include magnetic fields. The second is a semiclassical asymptotic formula for sums of eigenvalues that is uniform in the field B.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-124
Number of pages48
JournalCommunications In Mathematical Physics
Volume161
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

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