Assortative mating and persistent reproductive isolation in hybrids

Molly Schumer, Daniel L. Powell, Pablo J. Delclós, Mattie Squire, Rongfeng Cui, Peter Andolfatto, Gil G. Rosenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The emergence of new species is driven by the establishment of mechanisms that limit gene flow between populations. A major challenge is reconciling the theoretical and empirical importance of assortative mating in speciation with the ease with which it can fail. Swordtail fish have an evolutionary history of hybridization and fragile prezygotic isolating mechanisms. Hybridization between two swordtail species likely arose via pollution-mediated breakdown of assortative mating in the 1990s. Here we track unusual genetic patterns in one hybrid population over the past decade using whole-genome sequencing. Hybrids in this population formed separate genetic clusters by 2003, and maintained near-perfect isolation over 25 generations through strong ancestry-assortative mating. However, we also find that assortative mating was plastic, varying in strength over time and disappearing under manipulated conditions. In addition, a nearby population did not show evidence of assortative mating. Thus, our findings suggest that assortative mating may constitute an intermittent and unpredictable barrier to gene flow, but that variation in its strength can have a major effect on how hybrid populations evolve. Understanding how reproductive isolation varies across populations and through time is critical to understanding speciation and hybridization, as well as their dependence on disturbance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10936-10941
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume114
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Keywords

  • Assortative mating
  • Hybridization
  • Population structure
  • Reproductive isolation

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