Artificial Magnetic Tripod Ice

Xiaoyu Zhang, Ioan Augustin Chioar, Grant Fitez, Anthony Hurben, Michael Saccone, Nicholas S. Bingham, Justin Ramberger, Chris Leighton, Cristiano Nisoli, Peter Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study the collective behavior of interacting arrays of nanomagnetic tripods. These objects have six discrete moment states, in contrast to the usual two states of an Ising-like moment. Our experimental data demonstrate that triangular lattice arrays form a "tripod ice"that exhibits charge ordering among the effective vertex magnetic charges, in direct analogy to artificial kagome spin ice. The results indicate that the interacting tripods have effective moments that act as emergent local variables, with strong connections to the well-studied Potts and clock models. In addition, the tripod moments display a tendency toward a nearest neighbor alignment in our thermalized samples that separates this system from kagome spin ice. Our results open a path toward the study of the collective behavior of nonbinary moments that is unavailable in other physical systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number126701
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number12
StatePublished - Sep 22 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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