Correlation between weather radar reflectivity and precipitation data collected by rain gauges allows empirical formulae to be obtained that can be used to create continuous rainfall surfaces from discrete data. Such surfaces are useful in distributed hydrologic modelling and early warning systems in flood management. Because of the spatial relationship between rain gauge locations and radar coverage area, GIS provides the basis for data analysis and manipulation. A database of 82 radar stations and more than 1500 rain gauges in continental USA was compiled and used for the continuous downloading of radar images and rain data. Image sequences corresponding to rain events were extracted for two randomly selected radar stations in South and North Carolina. Rainfall data from multiple gauges within the radar zone of 124 nautical miles (nm) (∼230 km) were extracted and combined with corresponding reflectivity values for each time interval of the selected rain event. Data were normalised to one-hour intervals and then statistical analysis was applied to study the potential correlation. Results of regression analysis showed a significant correlation between rain gauge data and radar reflectivity values and allowed derivation of empirical formulae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science