Antiferromagnetism, ferromagnetism, and magnetic phase separation in Bi2Sr2CoO6+δ

K. J. Thomas, Y. S. Lee, F. C. Chou, B. Khaykovich, P. A. Lee, M. A. Kastner, R. J. Cava, J. W. Lynn

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Abstract

We present results of a study of the magnetism in Bi2Sr2CoO6+δ, the Co analog of the high Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CuO6+δ. This system evolves from an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator to an unusual ferromagnetic (FM) insulator as δ is reduced from ∼0.5 to ∼0.25. When δ is close to 0.5, the Co ions have formal oxidation state 3+ and order antiferromagnetically at TN∼250 K. The δ∼0.25 crystal has equal numbers of Co2+ and Co3+ and exhibits FM behavior with a moment ∼1.5μb/Co at 5 T and a Curie temperature Tc ∼100 K. Single crystal neutron scattering (both polarized and unpolarized), magnetization, and resistivity measurements have been used to characterize the evolution of the magnetic and transport properties between these two doping limits. For crystals with 0.25<δ<0.5, both FM and AF Bragg peaks are observed with neutrons, above a critical field Hc. Field-dependent neutron diffraction measurements confirm that the FM peaks result from ferromagnetic domains, which coexist with antiferromagnetic domains, and have a net moment above the critical field. The suppression of Néel order and accompanying increase in the volume of the FM domains with decreasing δ is measured for samples with 0.25<δ<0.5. We discuss this behavior in the context of phase separation resulting in a hole rich, Co3+ AF phase and a hole poor, Co2+-Co3+ FM phase. In addition, the rich phenomenology of the interacting magnetic domains can be explained by mapping to a form of the random field Ising model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054415
Pages (from-to)544151-5441518
Number of pages4897368
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume66
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Thomas, K. J., Lee, Y. S., Chou, F. C., Khaykovich, B., Lee, P. A., Kastner, M. A., Cava, R. J., & Lynn, J. W. (2002). Antiferromagnetism, ferromagnetism, and magnetic phase separation in Bi2Sr2CoO6+δ. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 66(5), 544151-5441518. [054415].