Prolonged exposure to an agonist results in a progressive loss of most G protein-coupled receptors, whereas exposure to an antagonist causes increased receptor response. The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)2 receptor is down- regulated by agonists but, paradoxically, antagonists can also elicit a decrease in receptor density. Here we show that long term treatment with serotonin or mianserin, an antagonist and antidepressant, results in reduced levels of both the 5-HT2 receptor and its RNA. Antagonist-induced down- regulation requires the presence of the 5-HT2 receptor, it occurs at the level of transcription, and it is mediated by a drug response sequence in the 5' flanking region of the 5-HT2 receptor gene. The effect of mianserin might result, at least in part, from its ability to modulate transcription.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jun 1 1994
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine