Anomalous quantized plateaus in two-dimensional electron gas with gate confinement

Jiaojie Yan, Yijia Wu, Shuai Yuan, Xiao Liu, L. N. Pfeiffer, K. W. West, Yang Liu, Hailong Fu, X. C. Xie, Xi Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Quantum information can be coded by the topologically protected edges of fractional quantum Hall (FQH) states. Investigation on FQH edges in the hope of searching and utilizing non-Abelian statistics has been a focused challenge for years. Manipulating the edges, e.g. to bring edges close to each other or to separate edges spatially, is a common and essential step for such studies. The FQH edge structures in a confined region are typically presupposed to be the same as that in the open region in analysis of experimental results, but whether they remain unchanged with extra confinement is obscure. In this work, we present a series of unexpected plateaus in a confined single-layer two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG), which are quantized at anomalous fractions such as 9/4, 17/11, 16/13 and the reported 3/2. We explain all the plateaus by assuming surprisingly larger filling factors in the confined region. Our findings enrich the understanding of edge states in the confined region and in the applications of gate manipulation, which is crucial for the experiments with quantum point contact and interferometer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1758
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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