We present data on the Josephson plasma resonance in (Formula presented) in a field nominally aligned with the (Formula presented) planes (the tilt angle (Formula presented)). At temperatures between 15 and 40 K, we find that the resonance field observed in sweep-up field scans is always smaller than that in sweep-down scans. The hysteresis has a sign opposite to that usually encountered in isotropic superconductors. A second unusual aspect of the hysteresis is that the turning field (maximum or minimum field in a particular scan cycle) influences the value of one of the resonance fields. We propose an explanation in which the critical field for vortex pancake nucleation and the existence of the vortex lock-in state generate a hysteresis loop in the (Formula presented)-(Formula presented) plane. The model accounts for the anomalous sign as well as other features observed. The experiment clarifies plasma resonance experiments performed close to alignment at low temperatures. We discuss the importance of zero-field cooling the sample in resonance measurements in this geometry.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 1997
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics