Nonfullerene acceptors have emerged as leading candidates in organic photovoltaics pushing past some of the limitations of their fullerene counterparts with absorption extending in the visible and NIR, decreased air-sensitivity, and tunable energy levels. Significant progress has been made in demonstrating the potential of nonfullerene acceptor-based devices to reach high efficiencies; however, a photophysical and mechanistic understanding of charge generation in these nonfullerene acceptors lags behind. In particular, the effects of annealing on carrier production have not been previously examined. Here, we use transient absorption spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy to examine the effect of solvent vapor annealing on a perylene diimide-based nonfullerene acceptor, PDI-DPP-PDI. We find that when mixed with the donor PTB7-Th, the effect of solvent vapor annealing on PDI-DPP-PDI is to reduce geminate recombination, leading to balanced exciton generation and charge separation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films