Angular-momentum-dependent orbital-free density functional theory

Youqi Ke, Florian Libisch, Junchao Xia, Lin Wang Wang, Emily A. Carter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Orbital-free (OF) density functional theory (DFT) directly solves for the electron density rather than the wave function of many electron systems, greatly simplifying and enabling large scale first principles simulations. However, the required approximate noninteracting kinetic energy density functionals and local electron-ion pseudopotentials severely restrict the general applicability of conventional OFDFT. Here, we present a new generation of OFDFT called angular-momentum-dependent (AMD)-OFDFT to harness the accuracy of Kohn-Sham DFT and the simplicity of OFDFT. The angular momenta of electrons are explicitly introduced within atom-centered spheres so that the important ionic core region can be accurately described. In addition to conventional OF total energy functionals, we introduce a crucial nonlocal energy term with a set of AMD energies to correct errors due to the kinetic energy density functional and the local pseudopotential. We find that our AMD-OFDFT formalism offers substantial improvements over conventional OFDFT, as we show for various properties of the transition metal titanium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number066402
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 9 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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