We derive an analytical formula for the open-circuit voltage (Voc) of organic planar heterojunction solar cells under standard operating conditions. We find that the type of free carrier recombination at the interface between the donor and acceptor materials controls the slope of Voc vs incident light intensity. By using the same derivation, an equation for the resistance around Voc is obtained. From this, we investigate two parameters in more detail and compare them to experiments. The first is the work function of the cathode metal. We show that, within our model, Voc does not depend on this work function, while the cell resistance around Voc is strongly dependent on it. Second, we find that the asymptotic resistance around Voc is a third-order power function of the thickness of the organic layers (acceptor or donor). The model provides insights to achieve low-resistivity high open-circuit voltage organic solar cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 22 2008|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics