We have constructed two pseudorabies virus (PRV) mutants, each with a unique EcoRI restriction site in the nonessential gIII envelope glycoprotein gene. Since no natural PRV isolate has been reported to contain EcoRI sites, the isolation and single-step growth curve analysis of these mutants established that PRV can carry such a site with little ill effect in tissue culture. Virus carrying these defined mutations produced novel gIII proteins that enabled us to begin functional assignment of protein localization information within the gIII gene. Specifically, one viral mutant contained an in-frame synthetic EcoRI linker sequence that was flanked on one side by the first one-third of the gIII gene and on the other side by the last one-third of the gene. The resulting protein lacked the middle one-third of the parental species, including five of eight putative N-linked glycosylation signals, but was still glycosylated and found in enveloped virions; it was not secreted into the medium. A second viral mutant contained an in-frame synthetic EcoRI linker sequence that additionally specified a nonsense codon at position 158, producing a gIII protein that was glycosylated and secreted into the medium; the fragment was not found in enveloped virions. By endoglycosidase and pulse-chase analyses, we established a precursor-product relationship between the various forms of gIII expressed in the parental and mutant strains, and perhaps determined certain features of the gIII protein that are required for its efficient export within the cell.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science