Analysis of Influenza and RSV dynamics in the community using a 'Local Transmission Zone' approach

Gal Almogy, Lewi Stone, B. Andrei Bernevig, Dana G. Wolf, Marina Dorozko, Allon E. Moses, Ran Nir-Paz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding the dynamics of pathogen spread within urban areas is critical for the effective prevention and containment of communicable diseases. At these relatively small geographic scales, short-distance interactions and tightly knit sub-networks dominate the dynamics of pathogen transmission; yet, the effective boundaries of these micro-scale groups are generally not known and often ignored. Using clinical test results from hospital admitted patients we analyze the spatio-temporal distribution of Influenza Like Illness (ILI) in the city of Jerusalem over a period of three winter seasons. We demonstrate that this urban area is not a single, perfectly mixed ecology, but is in fact comprised of a set of more basic, relatively independent pathogen transmission units, which we term here Local Transmission Zones, LTZs. By identifying these LTZs, and using the dynamic pathogen-content information contained within them, we are able to differentiate between disease-causes at the individual patient level often with near-perfect predictive accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number42012
JournalScientific reports
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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