An overview of the estimation of large covariance and precision matrices

Jianqing Fan, Yuan Liao, Han Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

The estimation of large covariance and precision matrices is fundamental in modern multivariate analysis. However, problems arise from the statistical analysis of large panel economic and financial data. The covariance matrix reveals marginal correlations between variables, while the precision matrix encodes conditional correlations between pairs of variables given the remaining variables. In this paper, we provide a selective review of several recent developments on the estimation of large covariance and precision matrices. We focus on two general approaches: a rank-based method and a factor-model-based method. Theories and applications of both approaches are presented. These methods are expected to be widely applicable to the analysis of economic and financial data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1-C32
JournalEconometrics Journal
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics

Keywords

  • Approximate factor model
  • Elliptical distribution
  • Graphical model
  • Heavy-tailed
  • High-dimensionality
  • Low-rank matrix
  • Principal components
  • Rank-based methods
  • Sparse matrix
  • Thresholding

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