The upconversion luminescence (UCL) of the hexagonal (β)-phase NaYF4:Yb,Er nanophosphors as a function of temperature (300-450 K) was examined under 978 nm light excitation. The thermal sensitivity was evaluated based on the UCL intensity ratio between 2H 11/2-4I15/2 and 4S 3/2-4I15/2 transitions (RHS). Excitation power, particle sizes (37, 65, and 140 nm), ion doping concentrations, and with and without silica coating were studied. It was found that RHS is only dependent on temperature at the low excitation power, and has no direct relation with the particle size and surface effects. Silica coating was found to enhance the thermal stability significantly without altering the thermal sensitivity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)