The integration of kinetic effects in fluid models is important for global simulations of Earth's magnetosphere. The use of the two-fluid ten-moment model, which includes the pressure tensor for both species, has had some success in simulating Ganymede and Mercury with a simple closure model. We discuss a heat flux closure which accounts for some limitations of the earlier work while remaining computationally tractable. Comparisons with kinetic simulations for magnetic reconnection and lower-hybrid drift instabilities show good agreement with kinetic results and improvements on previous closure models.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics