An experimental and computational study of bouncing and deformation in droplet collision

J. Qian, G. Tryggvason, C. K. Law

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


An experimental and computational investigation of the collision of equal-sized liquid droplets was conducted. The Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid motion both inside and outside the droplets were solved using the numerical method of "front tracking". The calculated history of the droplet collision process was found to agree well with the experimental results. The configuration of the gas gap between the droplet surfaces was analyzed in order to understand the mechanism which controls droplet bouncing. The minimum gap thickness was found to exhibit a non-monotonic dependence on the droplet kinetic energy, thereby explaining the non-monotonic transition between the collision regimes of coalescence and bouncing. Both computational and experimental results further showed that the droplet collision time is close to its natural oscillation period. Recognizing the large deformation of the droplet surface during collision, large amplitude droplet oscillation with viscous dissipation was also numerically studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 1997
Event35th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1997 - Reno, United States
Duration: Jan 6 1997Jan 9 1997


Other35th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, 1997
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Aerospace Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'An experimental and computational study of bouncing and deformation in droplet collision'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this