An energy-efficient approach to power control and receiver design in wireless data networks

Farhad Meshkati, H. Vincent Poor, Stuart C. Schwartz, Narayan B. Mandayam

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251 Scopus citations


In this paper, the cross-layer design problem of joint multiuser detection and power control is studied, using a game-the-oretic approach that focuses on energy efficiency. The uplink of a direct-sequence code-division multiple-access data network is considered, and a noncooperative game is proposed in which users in the network are allowed to choose their uplink receivers as well as their transmit powers to maximize their own utilities. The utility function measures the number of reliable bits transmitted by the user per joule of energy consumed. Focusing on linear receivers, the Nash equilibrium for the proposed game is derived. It is shown that the equilibrium is one where the powers are signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio-balanced with the minimum mean-square error (MMSE) detector as the receiver. In addition, this framework is used to study power-control games for the matched filter, the decorrelator, and the MMSE detector; and the receivers' performance is compared in terms of the utilities achieved at equilibrium (in bits/joule). The optimal cooperative solution is also discussed and compared with the noncooperative approach. Extensions of the results to the case of multiple receive antennas are also presented. In addition, an admission-control scheme based on maximizing the total utility in the network is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1885-1894
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • Cross-layer design
  • Game theory
  • Multiuser detectors
  • Nash equilibrium
  • Power control
  • Utility function


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