An animal behavior model for studying the actions of LSD and related hallucinogens

Barry L. Jacobs, Michael E. Trulson, Warren C. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Cats injected with LSD (d-lysergic acid diethytamide) exhibit a group of behaviors that appear to be specific to hallucinogenic drugs. Two of these behaviors, limb flick and abortive grooming, have an extremely low frequency of occurrence in normal cats, but often dominate the behavior of LSD-treated cats. The frequency of occurrence of this group of behaviors is related to the dose of LSD. The behavioral changes are long-lasting following a single injection of LSD, and exhibit tolerance following the repeated administration of LSD. They are not elicited by a variety of control drugs, but are elicited by other indole nucleus hallucinogens. Because the behavioral effects are specific, reliable, easy to score, and quantifiable, they represent an animal model that can be used in studies of the effects of LSD and related hallucinogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)741-743
Number of pages3
Issue number4266
StatePublished - 1976

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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