An abrupt Middle-Miocene increase in fluid flow into the Leeward Margin Great Bahama Bank, constraints from δ44Ca and Δ47 values

Philip T. Staudigel, John A. Higgins, Peter K. Swart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The advection of seawater into the sediments deposited on the margins of Great Bahama Bank has been demonstrated to play in important role in ventilating the uppermost sediments, as well as supplying elements for diagenetic reactions deeper within the platform. Here, we implement a numerical model to calculate the rate of fluid advection at ODP Site 1003, using calcium isotopes as a tracer for fluid advection. A key parameter for this model, the rate of recrystallization of sediments, was constrained using the clumped isotope proxy. The model was tuned to existing datasets of clumped and carbonate calcium isotope measurements for this site. Results of this modeling effort indicate that, prior to ∼15 Ma, fluids were advected into the platform at a rate substantially lower than the present day. The rate of advection abruptly increased ∼13 Ma to a value greater than the present day. The increase in advective flux during the mid-Miocene coincides with a major reorganization of the platform from a ramp-like geometry to a steeper carbonate platform, indicating a change in the relative contributions of different mechanisms governing fluid flow on the platform margin and interior. This paper aims to explore the utility of using clumped and calcium isotopes to quantitatively reconstruct past fluid advection rates using this novel technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116625
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • calcium isotopes
  • carbonate diagenesis
  • clumped isotopes
  • fluid advection
  • paleohydrology
  • sedimentology


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