1. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT), dopamine (DA), and small cardioactive peptide B (SCPB) can activate adenylate cyclase and increase the intracellular cyclic AMP (cAMP) levels in the Limax procerebrum (PC), with differing time courses and to differing extents. 5-HT and SCPB are potent stimulators of adenylate cyclase, and when both were applied simultaneously, an additive effect was observed. 2. In contrast, DA shows a great variability in the time course of cAMP synthesis and is a weak stimulator. Ergonovine, a DA antagonist, failed to inhibit cyclase activation, indicating that ergonovine-sensitive receptors are absent or ergonovine-sensitive DA receptors are not coupled to adenylate cyclase. 3. 5-HT and SCPB cause a rapid synthesis of cAMP, reaching the maximum 20-to 30-fold increase within a minute. DA's effect is slow in onset and very prolonged, reaching a maximum of only a two- to three-fold increase in the cAMP level. Reasons for variability in DA action are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Cell Biology