Ambivalent sexism and power-related gender-role ideology in marriage

Zhixia Chen, Susan T. Fiske, Tiane L. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

135 Scopus citations


Glick-Fiske's (1996) Ambivalent Sexism Inventory(ASI) and a new Gender-Role Ideology in Marriage (GRIM) inventory examine ambivalent sexism toward women, predicting power-related, gender-role beliefs about mate selection and marriage norms. Mainland Chinese, 552, and 252 U.S. undergraduates participated. Results indicated that Chinese and men most endorsed hostile sexism; Chinese women more than U.S. women accepted benevolent sexism. Both Chinese genders prefer home-oriented mates (women especially seeking a provider and upholding him; men especially endorsing male-success/female-housework, male dominance, and possibly violence). Both U.S. genders prefer considerate mates (men especially seeking an attractive one). Despite gender and culture differences in means, ASI-GRIM correlations replicate across those subgroups: Benevolence predicts initial mate selection; hostility predicts subsequent marriage norms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-778
Number of pages14
JournalSex Roles
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - Jun 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Gender Studies


  • Benevolent sexism
  • Gender roles
  • Hostile sexism
  • Marriage norms
  • Mate selection


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