Alphaherpesvirus infection disrupts mitochondrial transport in neurons

Tal Kramer, Lynn W. Enquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that are essential for cellular metabolism but can be functionally disrupted during pathogen infection. In neurons, mitochondria are transported on microtubules via the molecular motors kinesin-1 and dynein and recruited to energy-requiring regions such as synapses. Previous studies showed that proteins from pseudorabies virus (PRV), an alphaherpesvirus, localize to mitochondria and affect mitochondrial function. We show that PRV and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection of rodent superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurons disrupts mitochondrial motility and morphology. During PRV infection, glycoprotein B (gB)-dependent fusion events result in electrical coupling of neurons and increased action potential firing rates. Consequently, intracellular [Ca2+] increases and alters mitochondrial dynamics through a mechanism involving the Ca2+- sensitive cellular protein Miro and reduced recruitment of kinesin-1 to mitochondria. This disruption in mitochondrial dynamics is required for efficient growth and spread of PRV, indicating that altered mitochondrial transport enhances alphaherpesvirus pathogenesis and infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-514
Number of pages11
JournalCell Host and Microbe
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Virology

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