Alloy formation and chemisorption at Cu/Pt(111) bimetallic surfaces using alkali ISS, XPD, and TPD

Chih Sung Ho, Santanu Banerjee, John P. Roszell, Bruce E. Koel

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Alloying and surface structures of Cu films evaporated onto a Pt(111) single-crystal substrate were studied by X-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD), low-energy alkali ion scattering spectroscopy (ALISS), and low-energy electron diffraction (LEED). Alloying begins at temperatures above 500 K, and increasing the annealing temperature of deposited films to 900 K caused all Cu atoms to diffuse deep into the subsurface region of the Pt crystal. One particular Cu/Pt(111) bimetallic alloy surface was characterized in detail, and this surface was formed by depositing one monolayer of Cu onto the Pt(111) surface and then annealing to 550 K. Only a diffuse (1 × 1) LEED pattern was observed from this Cu/Pt(111) alloy, which indicates that there was no long-range, ordered intermetallic compound created at the surface for these conditions or any others that we investigated. ALISS and XPS were used to determine that the Cu concentration in the topmost, surface layer of this alloy was 7 atomic percent. XPD and ALISS give consistent results showing that Cu in this alloy was present in the first, second, and third layers at the surface, forming a surface alloy. Cu atoms in the alloy are located at Pt atom lattice sites, and are coplanar with the topmost Pt atomic layer without significant corrugation or buckling. Temperature programmed desorption (TPD) measurements showed that both CO and NO are more weakly adsorbed and have smaller desorption energies on the Cu/Pt(111) surface alloy compared to the Pt(111) surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-198
Number of pages7
JournalSurface Science
StatePublished - Nov 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


  • Alkali ion scattering
  • Alloys
  • Copper
  • Platinum
  • Temperature programmed desorption
  • X-ray photoelectron diffraction


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