All-Polymer Bulk-Heterojunction Organic Electrochemical Transistors with Balanced Ionic and Electronic Transport

Xihu Wu, Teck Lip Dexter Tam, Shuai Chen, Teddy Salim, Xiaoming Zhao, Zhongliang Zhou, Ming Lin, Jianwei Xu, Yueh Lin Loo, Wei Lin Leong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The rapid development of organic electrochemical transistor (OECTs)-based circuits brings new opportunities for next-generation integrated bioelectronics. The all-polymer bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) offers an attractive, inexpensive alternative to achieve efficient ambipolar OECTs, and building blocks of logic circuits constructed from them, but have not been investigated to date. Here, the first all-polymer BHJ-based OECTs are reported, consisting of a blend of new p-type ladder conjugated polymer and a state-of-the-art n-type ladder polymer. The whole ladder-type polymer BHJ also proves that side chains are not necessary for good ion transport. Instead, the polymer nanostructures play a critical role in the ion penetration and transportation and thus in the device performance. It also provides a facile strategy and simplifies the fabrication process, forgoing the need to pattern multiple active layers. In addition, the development of complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS)-like OECTs allows the pursuit of advanced functional logic circuitry, including inverters and NAND gates, as well as for amplifying electrophysiology signals. This work opens a new approach to the design of new materials for OECTs and will contribute to the development of organic heterojunctions for ambipolar OECTs toward high-performing logic circuits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2206118
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 20 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


  • balanced charge transport
  • heterojunctions
  • ladder-type polymers
  • organic electrochemical transistors


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