@inproceedings{c3cee2d279054a9d845586497508d5d3,

title = "Algebras, regions, and observers",

abstract = "In ordinary quantum field theory, one can define the algebra of observables in a given region in spacetime, but in the presence of gravity, it is expected that this notion ceases to be well-defined. A substitute that appears to make sense in the presence of gravity and that also is more operationally meaningful is to consider the algebra of observables along the timelike worldline of an observer. It is known that such an algebra can be defined in quantum field theory, and the timelike tube theorem of quantum field theory suggests that such an algebra is a good substitute for what in the absence of gravity is the algebra of a region. The static patch in de Sitter space is a concrete example in which it is useful to think in these terms and to explicitly incorporate an observer in the description.",

author = "Edward Witten",

note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2024 American Mathematical Society.; 12th String-Math conference, String-Math 2022 ; Conference date: 11-07-2022 Through 15-07-2022",

year = "2024",

doi = "10.1090/pspum/107/01954",

language = "English (US)",

isbn = "9781470472405",

series = "Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics",

publisher = "American Mathematical Society",

pages = "247--276",

editor = "Ron Donagi and Adrian Langer and Piotr Su{\l}kowski and Katrin Wendland",

booktitle = "String-Math 2022",

address = "United States",

}