We study the impact of tax and transfer programs on steady-state allocations in a model with search frictions, an operative labor supply margin, and incomplete markets. In a benchmark model that has indivisible labor and incomplete markets but no trading frictions we show that the aggregate effects of taxes are identical to those in the economy with employment lotteries, though individual employment and asset dynamics can be different. The effect of frictions on the response of aggregate hours to a permanent tax change is highly nonlinear. There is considerable scope for substitution between "voluntary" and "frictional" nonemployment in some situations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics and Econometrics
- Incomplete markets
- Indivisible labor
- Labor market frictions