The oceans contain a large fraction of the carbon in the Earth's biosphere. Therefore understanding the global carbon cycle, particularly the changes in atmospheric CO2 and their effects on climate, requires an accounting of CO2 exchanges between the atmosphere and the ocean. Primary production in the ocean, i.e. uptake and assimilation of CO2 by phytoplankton, plays an important role in this exchange. Ocean production is linked to nutrient cycles, mixing and circulation on a number of scales. Several university research groups are using Coastal Zone Color Scanner imagery to study ocean production and the links between physical and biological oceanographic processes and the carbon cycle. We review their recent accomplishments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Space and Planetary Science