Advanced tokamak physics-status and prospects

Robert James Goldston, S. H. Batha, R. H. Bulmer, D. N. Hill, A. W. Hyatt, S. C. Jardin, F. M. Levinton, S. M. Kaye, C. E. Kessel, E. A. Lazarus, J. Manickam, G. H. Neilson, W. M. Nevins, L. J. Perkins, G. Rewoldt, K. I. Thomassen, M. C. Zarnstorff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Experimental and theoretical results from around the world point to the possibility of high confinement, high- beta , and high-bootstrap-fraction steady-state tokamak operating modes. These modes of operation, if fully developed and extended to steady-state, could lead to much less expensive tokamak demonstration power reactors and to a significantly reduced cost-of-electricity from fusion, as compared to projections based on low- beta N, pulsed operating modes. Present results have clear implications in the areas of particle control, plasma shaping, and current-profile control. Thus they have strongly influenced the design of the steady-state advanced tokamak TPX, which has the mission to combine the best results from present experiments and extend them to steady-state. These results also have important implications for follow-up tests in ITER, which have the goal of studying advanced-tokamak operation in an ignited plasma, as well as for the eventual configuration of an advanced-tokamak fusion reactor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number018
Pages (from-to)B213-B227
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number12 B
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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