Advanced action in classical electrodynamics

A. D. Boozer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The time evolution of a charged point particle is governed by a second-order integro-differential equation that exhibits advanced effects, in which the particle responds to an external force before the force is applied. In this paper, we give a simple argument that clarifies the origin and physical meaning of these advanced effects, and we compare ordinary electrodynamics with a toy model of electrodynamics in which advanced effects do not occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number425202
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 24 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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