Adipose Type One Innate Lymphoid Cells Regulate Macrophage Homeostasis through Targeted Cytotoxicity

Selma Boulenouar, Xavier Michelet, Danielle Duquette, David Alvarez, Andrew E. Hogan, Christina Dold, Donal O'Connor, Suzanne Stutte, Ali Tavakkoli, Desmond Winters, Mark A. Exley, Donal O'Shea, Michael B. Brenner, Ulrich von Andrian, Lydia Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

154 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adipose tissue has a dynamic immune system that adapts to changes in diet and maintains homeostatic tissue remodeling. Adipose type 1 innate lymphoid cells (AT1-ILCs) promote pro-inflammatory macrophages in obesity, but little is known about their functions at steady state. Here we found that human and murine adipose tissue harbor heterogeneous populations of AT1-ILCs. Experiments using parabiotic mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) showed differential trafficking of AT1-ILCs, particularly in response to short- and long-term HFD and diet restriction. At steady state, AT1-ILCs displayed cytotoxic activity toward adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs). Depletion of AT1-ILCs and perforin deficiency resulted in alterations in the ratio of inflammatory to anti-inflammatory ATMs, and adoptive transfer of AT1-ILCs exacerbated metabolic disorder. Diet-induced obesity impaired AT1-ILC killing ability. Our findings reveal a role for AT1-ILCs in regulating ATM homeostasis through cytotoxicity and suggest that this function is relevant in both homeostasis and metabolic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-286
Number of pages14
JournalImmunity
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Keywords

  • adipose tissue
  • cytotoxicity
  • macrophages
  • metabolism
  • NK cells
  • obesity

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