Analysis of a temperature-sensitive mutant, Ad5ts369, had indicated that the adenovirus L1 52- and 55-kDa proteins (52/55-kDa proteins) are required for the assembly of infectious virions. By using monoclonal antibodies directed against bacterially produced L1 52-kDa protein, the L1 52/55-kDa proteins were found to be differentially phosphorylated forms of a single 48- kDa polypeptide. Both phosphoforms were shown to be present within all suspected virus assembly intermediates (empty capsids, 50 to 100 molecules; young virions, 1 to 2 molecules) but not within mature virions. The mobilities of these proteins in polyacrylamide gels were affected by reducing agents, indicating that the 52/55-kDa proteins may exist as homodimers within the cell and within assembling particles. Immunofluorescence analysis revealed that the 52/55-kDa proteins localize to regions within the infected nucleus that are distinct from viral DNA replication centers, indicating that replication and assembly of viral components likely occur in separate nuclear compartments. Immunoelectron microscopic studies determined that the 52/55- kDa proteins are found in close association with structures that appear to contain assembling virions. These results are consistent with an active but transient role for the L1 products in assembly of the adenovirus particle, perhaps as scaffolding proteins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science