Acetic acid adsorption and reactions at multiple surface coverage values on Ni(110) were studied with temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) at 90-500 K. The experimental measurements were interpreted with density functional theory (DFT) calculations that provided information on adsorbate geometries, energies, and vibrational modes. Below the monolayer saturation coverage of 0.36 ML at 90 K, acetic acid adsorbs mostly molecularly. Above this coverage, a physisorbed layer is formed with dimers and catemers, without detectable monomers. Dimers and catemers desorb as molecular acetic acid at 157 and 172 K, respectively. Between 90 and 200 K, the O-H bond in acetic acid breaks to form bridge-bonded bidentate acetate that becomes the dominant surface species. Desorption-limited hydrogen evolution is observed at 265 K. However, even after the acetate formation, acetic acid desorbs molecularly at 200-300 K due to recombination. Minor surface species observed at 200 K, acetyls or acetates with a carbonyl group, decompose below 350 K and generate adsorbed carbon monoxide. At 350 K, the surface likely undergoes restructuring, the extent of which increases with acetic acid coverage. The initial dominant bridge-bonded bidentate acetate species formed below 200 K remain on the surface, but they now mostly adsorb on the restructured sites. The acetates and all other remaining hydrocarbon species decompose simultaneously at 425 K in a narrow temperature range with concurrent evolution of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide. Above 425 K, only carbon remains on the surface.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- General Materials Science
- Surfaces and Interfaces